The Guard Dog Origins of The Bulldog Standard

Bulldogs, one of the most popular show dogs of recent time, are loved by many people for their sweet-temperament and friendly behavior. They are also known as British or English Bulldogs. Owing to their names, they reflect a true elegance and tenderness in their dealing with other animals including human. However, in earlier days, Bulldogs were mostly known as guard dogs. They were much known for their aggression and fighting instinct.

white and brown bulldog
Image credit: Sultan Esra Sahin

Bulldog Club of America

The first Bulldog standard was recorded in the year 1864 in England, following which it was adopted during 1875. In the year 1890, the Bulldog Club of America was established. Down the line, in the year 1896 this club adopted a Bulldog standard. In 1914, the standard was revised for rejecting the Dudley nose, while in the year 1976, this definition once again redefined and explained as brown colored nose. Once again in the year 1990, the standard was reformatted while keeping the same words and terminologies.


Typically Bulldogs have a medium-sized feature with a smooth coat all over the body. Native to England, these dogs have been marked with their short muzzle positioned over short-faced head. The three primary characteristics of a Bulldog are dynamism, persistence and energy. While the weight of a male adult is around fifty pounds, the weight of an average female is forty pounds. While looking straight to the dog, it can be seen that the lower part of the skull area holds the eyes of the dog. The eyes are positioned far away from their ears.

brown and white short coated dog lying on gray concrete floor
Image credit: Sarah B.

These dogs have a very friendly, obedient and companionable personality, however, adored for their loyalty and occasional willfulness. Characteristically, Bulldogs are so attached with family members that they usually do not cross the yard without human companionship. Since these dogs are so warm and friendly, they can mix very well and easily with children. Bulldogs are able to socialize with other dogs as well. Sometimes, their intelligence level is questioned out, but their devotion to their master is simply unfathomable.

Health Issues

Generally speaking, Bulldogs go through several types of health issues throughout their lifetime. Of them, breathing difficulty is most common, during which they snore, similar to humans, when they sleep. The short muzzle can lead to such complication. Interstitial cysts may also occur in Bulldogs.

This is a specific type of infection that occurs in between the toes. If this happens, the dog feels extreme discomfort. This condition is treatable with the proper guidance of experienced vet. Cherry eyes, allergies and hip-related problems are other health complications that may occur to a Bulldog.

Cleaning and Exercise

Like their masters, Bulldogs need to undergo thorough and regular cleaning in order to avoid different sorts of infections that occur mainly due to the moisturizer accumulation in the skin. In addition to daily cleaning, daily brushing is also necessary for Bulldogs.

They need to exercise on a regular basis or else they may experience several other health problems like lung and heart diseases as a result of overweight or obesity.

Bobby Callahan
Bobby Callahan

The guest author is a passionate dog lover and enthusiast with years of experience in canine care and training. With a deep understanding of dog behavior and a commitment to promoting responsible pet ownership, the author shares insightful tips and engaging stories to enrich the lives of both dogs and their owners.